August 2014

Tephra 2014 Workshop field trip to Mt. St. Helen.

Steve Kuehn below discusses the layers of Tephra at Stratigraphy Viewpoint.

Stratigraphy viewpoint is located southeast of the summit of Mt. St. Helens along the
Muddy River. It consists of two main exposures of tephras and interbedded lahars.



August 2014

Geohazards Center Director Greg Valentine will be spending his sabbatical in Europe from September 2014 through May 2015.  He is pleased to announce that Abani Patra, Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, will be stepping in as Acting Director, effective immediately.  Prof. Patra has been a long-time core member of Geohazards efforts at UB and is the lead developer of the Titan2D mass flow model that is widely used in pyroclastic flow studies and hazards assessments.

He also is working on quantification of uncertainty in models of volcanic processes, and on volcanic plumes.  This should be an exciting year in Geohazards with Abani at the helm!





June 2014

Experimental research conducted by The Center for GeoHazards and collaborators from around the world was held on June 17th & 18th at the GeoHazards fieldstation in Springville New York. A total of 20 tests were done.


June 2014

More Publicity for the Center:  Mini Maars: How to mimic a Vlocanic Eruption


February 2014

Deadline Extended to March 7th


Center for Geohazards Student Research Grant

The UB Center for Geohazards Studies is pleased to announce a research grant opportunity for graduate students to support research in any discipline that is related to natural hazards. Proposals are due 7- March 2014 . The total amount of available funding is $2,000.

Please follow the link for the call for proposals:

CGHS Research Award Application 2014_




February 2014

The Volcanic Crises Awareness Course went well and was attended by students from three universities and some community members.





February 2014

Volcanic Crises Awareness Course

Presented by: NDPTC (National Domestic Preparedness Training Center)

Course Dates: February 19 - 20, 2014

Time: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm

Location: Ramada Hotel and Conference Center

2402 North Forest Road

Getzville, NY 14068

Click on the link below for more information on registration.

Flyer_VCA_BuffaloNY_2 19-20 2014_Edited


January 2014


Center for Geohazards Student Research Grant

The UB Center for Geohazards Studies is pleased to announce a research grant opportunity for graduate students to support research in any discipline that is related to natural hazards. Proposals are due 28 February 2014 . The total amount of available funding is $2,000.

Please follow the link for the call for proposals:

CGHS Research Award Application 2014_



November, 2013

An informal Uncertainty Quantifications and model based hasard analysis session.

Presenters: Ramona Stefanescu and Abani Patra

Title: Uncertainty Quantification and Hazard Analysis Using the TITAN2D Toolkit

Date/Time: Tuesday Nov 12, 1pm-5pm and Wednesday 9am -1pm

Place: 321 Jarvis

Laboratory: Wed pm, Thursday -- distributed


October, 2013:


A streamlined series of blast experiments were conducted at the Geohazard Center Field Station Friday October 25, 2013. These tests were aimed at understanding the evolution of crater morphology and effective excavation by shallow subsurface blasts, and testing the resilience of our field helpers! Let the data analysis begin.


June, 2013:

Congratulations to the winners of our Student Research Grant: Hans Harmsen from the Department of Anthropolgy and John Coles from the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering! To read more about their reserach please click on the link below for the Centers Newletter.

Fall 2013 Newletter


May, 2013:

Experimental research led by Center for Geohazards researchers and collaborators from around the world was recently featured in Eos, the newspaper of the American Geophysical Union (Sonder et al., 2013, Eos, v. 94, 337-338).  The experiments use buried chemical explosives to simulate explosions caused by violent interaction of rising magma and groundwater.  Data are collected using high-speed videos and seismic, electrical field, thermal infrared, and acoustic sensors, as well as using "traditional" geologic techniques of ejecta sampling and excavation of cross sections to explore subsurface structures.  The experiments are part of the development of the Geohazards Field Station for large-scale experimentation.

Snapshot of one of the explosions, excavations beneath craters, geophone and acoustic signals, and ejecta deposition data.


January, 2013:

PASI Workshop on Applying Computational Models to Real-Case Scenarios for Volcanic Hazard Assessment

Calder, Palma, Charbonnier, Courtland, Bajo, Varley, Sheridan, Martinez-Hackert


A 12-day workshop on applying computational models to real-case scenarios for volcanic hazard assessment was held at the University of Colima, Mexico between 8-21 January 2013. The rationale behind the workshop was to provide instruction on the undertaking of quantitative volcanic hazard assessments and it was therefore designed to advance, and make more rigorous the process by which such assessments are achieved. If successful, such an endeavor would have direct and long-lived benefits to society, in terms of potential reduction of loss to lives, livelihoods, infrastructure and economy. Read the full report and article on the workshop here. 




November 2012: Read about the latest experiments at the Center for Geohazards online here. You can watch Dr. Valentine performing and discussing his experiments on the Daily Planet (Discover Canada channel) documentary at   


October 2012:

Center Director Greg Valentine is the lead author of a new Geology paper which provides a novel model for describing what happens underground when maar-diatremes erupt.  You can read the UB press release online here:, and find the full text of the article online at the Geological Society of America's website. 


August 2012:

Please join us!

The Pegrum Lecture Series presents Dr. Elisabeth Widom, of Miami University: “Timescales and Processes of Magma Evolution in the Azores”

Thursday, September 27th, 2012, 3:30pm refreshments, 3:45pm seminar, 216 Natural Sciences Complex


Read about the Center's latest experiments simulating volcanic eruptions in Ashford, NY!

and, watch a video of the explosion here.

Other features on the maars eruptions can be read at, and at!


July 2012:

Visit to learn about GVM, a growing international network that aims to create a sustainable, accessible information platform on volcanic hazard and risk. GVM will provide systematic evidence, data and analysis of volcanic hazards and risk on global, regional and local scales, and will develop the capability to anticipate future volcanism and its consequences.


May 2012:

Congratulations to the winners of our Student Research Grant: Jessica Ball, and Solene Pouget!


Scheduled: our upcoming joint conference sponsored by the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) Information Products Laboratory for Emergency Response (IPLER) and University at Buffalo (UB) Center for Geohazards Studies. Learn more by visiting our Conference Page. 

Please join us!

Study on glacial lake outburst floods in the Bhutan Himalayas


a talk given by Professor Kouichi Nishimura

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
sponsored by the Center for GeoHazards Studies

Monday, March 19th, 2012

4 – 5pm

Student Union, Room 145C

University at Buffalo, North Campus


Professor Nishimura has worked as a senior researcher for the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, a research associate for the Institute of Low Temperature Science at Hokkaido University, and an engineer for the Japan Weather Association.  In addition, he has served as a visiting scholar at the University of Cambridge, England, and the Sandia Institute in New Mexico.  Please visit to learn more about his work. 


Thank you to those of you who submitted proposals for our 2012 Student Research Grant. The recipients will be announced by March 30th, 2012.  The submission window is now closed. 





University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Presents: John Pallister U.S. Geological Survey, Volcano Disaster Assistance Program, Cascades Volcano Observatory

“Merapi’s “100-year” eruption - forecasting and eruption trigger”

Date:    Thursday, February 9th

Time:    3:30 Refreshments, 3:45 Lecture

Place:   228 Natural Sciences Complex


  • The 2010 Merapi eruption was monitored in near-real time with cloud-penetrating commercial satellite radar.
  • Remote sensing was used in parallel with seismic and deformation monitoring to forecast eruptions and guide life-saving decisions.
  • Satellite radar detected initial explosive cratering and rapid lava dome effusion – observations that aided CVGHM in forecasting the subsequent paroxysmal VEI 4 explosive eruption and issuing warnings.
  • Satellite radar imaged changes at summit and pyroclastic deposits; yielded information on extent and volumes of summit crater and pyroclastic deposits.
  • Relatively small volumes of juvenile magmatic components in 2010 deposits compared to the high explosivity (VEI 4) of the eruption and the large SO2 emissions (total 1.4 Tg) suggests that the eruption was triggered by rise of a separate gas phase, likely derived from a basaltic intrusion at depth
  • Explosive cratering and then collapse of much of the summit dome complex raises important questions about the potential for future explosive eruptions.


The Pegrum Lecture Series was established to honor Reginald H. Pegrum, founder of UB’s Geology Department.

 This series is funded in part by the Maurice Crook and Orrin Foster Lecture funds.